As many of you may know Mr. Habbibolah Latifi is a 28 years old Kurdish student who was arrested in October of 2007. Mr. Latifi was tortured brutally and was hospitalized twice as a result of torture while he was in custody. Mr. Latifi was convicted of risking national security and sentenced to death. Most recently his death sentence was upheld by the Court of Appeal, even though according to his lawyer there was very strong evidence that any confessions he may have given were given under severe torture.

A campaign has been started to collect signatures in support of Mr. Latifi. Please take a moment to read the campaign and to spread the word.


Early this morning Javad Alizadeh, a human rights activist, was transferred to the common area of Sanandaj prison where he was informed of his sentence of imprisonment for one year.

Javad asked for a written statement of the ruling and was taken to a court in the city of Sanandaj and a court secretary handed him a written statement of the ruling. Mr. Alizadeh protested the ruling and refused to sign it and was taken to the office of a judge who insulted him with vulgarities. Mr. Alizadeh was taken back by this behaviour and has asked for a review of his sentencing.

It should be noted that Javad Alizadeh is a human rights activist and is a student in Tabatabai University in Tehran. On the anniversary of the death of Ebrahim Lotf Alhi he was a protester and was then taken in by the revolutionary guard and imprisoned for 21 days and was tortured.

I’d like to thank my friend Nima for his wonderful translation

In honour of today, although I have been too ill to write anything myself I found this great statement written by Zanane Azarmehr which I thought is perfect for today. I wish everyone a happy international women’s day.



انسانها آزاد به دنیا می آیند؛وباید با آزادی هم زندگی کنند.

مبارزه ی زنان در8 مارس یکی از تاریخی ترین وبزرگترین مبارزاتی ست،که در تاریخ جهان ثبت شده است.سال 1857،درشهرنیویورک آمریکا،زنان کارگردرکارخانه های ریسندگی ،دراعتراض به بورکراتیک سرمایه داری،به اعتصابی گروهی اقدام نمودند؛اما دولت مردان سرمایه داری وصاحبان قدرت وسرمایه ،به شیوه ی وحشیانه،روبه زنان آتش گشودند،که در سرانجام آن129زن جان شان را ازدست دادند.این کارناانسانی اعتراض زنان را درهمه ی نقاط جهان برانگیخت؛وشروعی برای مبارزات جنبش های زنان شد.

درسال 1910درکنگره ی بین المللی،که درشهرکوپنهاگ برگزارشد،به پیشنهاد کلارازتکین،این روزرا روز جهانی زن نامیدند؛سپس درسال 1977 ازسوی نهادهای بین المللی این روزرا به نام روز جهانی زن پذیرفتند.

این ذهنیت مردسالار وجنسیتی وجنس دوم بودن زن درخاورمیانه وایران وکردستان ،هنوز هم وجود دارد؛و

زنان از بیش ترین حقوق انسانی خود بی بهره هستند.

با توجه به تداوم مبارزات زنان در این سال ها،اما هنوزدربرابر این سیستم مردسالارراه به جایی نبرده اند؛

نظربه این که زنان کرد همواره درتمامی جنبش های آزادیخواهانه شرکت داشته اند؛وبرای خواست های ملی وانسانی خویش تلاش نموده اند؛باززیرفشارناموس پرستی وخشونت به سرمی برند.زنان کرد با توجه به خاستگاه فرهنگی شان –که برگرفته ازدوران نئولوتیک است -همواره درکنارمردان خود درتمامی عرصه های فرهنگی واجتماعی وسیاسی شرکت داشته اند،که این خود تأثیربه سزایی برجامعه وفرهنگ آن داشته است .

با تمامی این مبارزات وتلاش ها،بازحقوق انسانی زنان نادیده گرفته می شود؛ودرزیرواژه های ناموس کشته یا تهدید به کشتن می شوند.برای مقابله با این ذهنیت ونماندن خشونت وتندوتیزی علیه زنان وناموس کشی وآشنایی زنان با حقوق انسانی خود،انجمن آذرمهربا دیگرانجمن های زنان اقدام به گشودن کمپینی کردند با شعار:

"زنان ناموس کسی نیستند،ناموس ما آزادی ماست "

ازتمامی زنان وانسان های آزادیخواه می خواهیم،که هم کاری خود را برای راه اندازی این کمپین به کارگیرند،تا درتاریخ فریاد آزادیخواهانه زنان برعلیه خشونت وکشتن زنان جایگاه یابد.ما دراین روزبا تمامی زنان مبارزاین راه ؛هم چنین قربانیان ناموس پرستی پیمان خود را می بندیم.





هییت اجرایی انجمن زنان آذرمهر




صبح روز جاری جواد علیزاده، فعال حقوق بشر، پس از انتقال به بند عمومی زندان حکم یکسال حبس تعزیری خود را به صورت شفاهی دریافت نمود
.
جواد علیزاده‌ با اعتراض به این موضوع خواستار ابلاغ کتبی حکم صادره گردید
. بر این اساس آقای علیزاده به دادگاه انقلاب سنندج منتقل و منشی شعبه یک دادگاه حکم صادره را به روئیت این زندانی رساند.
آقای علیزاده در اعتراض به رویه غیرقانونی طی شده از امضای حکم خودداری نمودند
. اعتراض ایشان سبب گردید تا وی را برای مواجه با قاضی بابایی به دفتر ایشان منتقل نمایند، قاضی مذکور در مقابل حضار به ملت کرد توهین و با به کار بردن الفاظ رکیک آنان را فاقد ارزش دفاع می خواند، این موضوع سبب اعتراض آقای علیزاده به این رفتار و امتناع ایشان از درخواست تجدید نظر گردید.
لازم به یادآوری است ، جواد علیزاده، فعال حقوق بشر و دانشجوی محروم از تحصیل مقطع کارشناسی ارشد حقوق بشر دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران پس از ایراد سخنرانی در مراسم سالگرد ابراهیم لطف الهی بر سر مزار آن مرحوم در تاریخ
26دیماه، توسط نیروهای اطلاعات نیروی انتظامی بازداشت و مدت 21 روز را در اطلاعات ناجا و همچنین بازداشتگاه اداره اطلاعات شهر سنندج به سر برد. وی متهم به تبلیغ علیه نظام و راه اندازی تجمع غیرقانونی گشته است. نامبرده در ایام بازداشت خود مکرر مورد بدرفتاری و شکنجه قرار گرفت.



Defend International has been informed by reliable sources about the confirmation in appeal of the death sentence against Mr. Habibollah Latifi who was condemned to death after having been accused of "endangering state security".

Name: Habibollah Latifi

Sex: Male

Age: 29

Authorities: Iranian

Category: Death penalty / Prisoners of conscience / Arbitrary detentions / Fear of torture or ill-treatments / Deterioration of health condition

The case:

According to the information received, on February 18, 2009, the Court of Appeal of Sanandaj confirmed the sentencing to death of Mr. Habibollah Latifi.

Mr. Latifi, a Kurdish student at the University of Eylam, was arrested on October 23, 2007, in the City of Sanandaj. He was detained in unknown location. Eight months later (July 3, 2008), he was sentenced to death by the Revolutionary Court in the City of Sanandaj, convicted of "endangering state security". The proceedings were closed, and his own lawyer was not allowed to attend the hearing. After more than one month the lawyer was informed about the sentence.

While in custody, Mr. Latifi was reportedly subjected to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment such as torturing him in front of other prisoners in order to confess their membership in an opposition party. As Mr. Latifi's health condition was gravely deteriorated due to constant torture, he was transferred to a hospital for a certain period of time. He was returned to the prison in Sanandaj upon release from hospital.

Mr. Latifi is now very weak; he suffers the pain and endless coughing of bronchitis, complains about fever, hard breathing, broken bones, and torture wounds, also in his face.


DI Views & Demands:

Defend International expresses its deepest concern about Mr. Latifi's death sentence, as it is further evidence that Iran will continue its attempt to suppress any open debate and to condemn those to death who fall short of the government's expectations.

Defend International is unconditionally opposed to the death penalty, under all circumstances and in all countries, since it is a violation of the right to life and an extreme form of cruel, inhuman, and degrading punishment. DI is also categorically opposed to torture and other cruel punishments under any condition.

The death sentence against Mr. Habibollah Latifi is a human rights violation against all university students, many of whom are gravely concerned about the safety of Mr. Latifi, and by the procedures of the Revolutionary Court system, whose trails fall far short of international standards for fair trials.

DI strongly urges the Iranian authorities to abolish the death penalty in Iran; to guarantee respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms throughout Iran, and to refrain from any unfair or inhumane practice that might violate international human rights standards. We call upon Iran to ensure respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion. In addition, the international community, namely the EU, should urge the Iranian authorities to "adhere and comply with the relevant international norms and standards" [1].

Defend International will continue to monitor the situation in Iran closely.

International law


The ICCPR states:


Article 7


No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In particular, no one shall be subjected without his free consent to medical or scientific experimentation.

Article 9
1. Everyone has the right to liberty and security of person. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest or detention...

2. Anyone who is arrested shall be informed, at the time of arrest, of the reasons for his arrest and shall be promptly informed of any charges against him.

3. Anyone arrested or detained on a criminal charge shall be brought promptly before a judge or other officer authorized by law to exercise judicial power and shall be entitled to trial within a reasonable time or to release?

4. Anyone who is deprived of his liberty by arrest or detention shall be entitled to take proceedings before a court, in order that that court may decide without delay on the lawfulness of his detention and order his release if the detention is not lawful.

5. Anyone who has been the victim of unlawful arrest or detention shall have an enforceable right to compensation.


Article 10


1. All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person.



According to news recieved from Student Council of Defense of Human Rights in Kurdistan Ms. Hanna Abdi, a womens rights activist who had been imprisoned for the past 1.5 years was released from prison on February 26th 2009. I am extremely overjoyed by this news, and send my good wishes to Ms. Abdi and her family.

At the same time we must remember that there are still many other women's rights activists such as Ms. Ronak Safazadeh and Ms. Zeynab Bayezidi who are still in prison, and there are womens' rights activists such as much Zeynab Jalail who faces the death sentence.

In hopes of a day when all political prisoners are free...

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