Amnesty International updates information on several death sentences against people who were under 18 when they committed crimes:

The family of Sina Paymand’s victim stopped his execution just in time.
The organization lacks information about Mostafa.
Ali Alijan also received a stay of execution from his victim’s family.
Vahid was executed.


PUBLIC
AI Index: MDE 13/122/2006
UPDATE
26 October 2006

Further Information on UA 220/05 (MDE 13/047/2005, 24 August 2005) Fear of imminent execution

IRAN

Mostafa (surname unknown) (m), aged 17, student
Sina Paymand (surname previously unknown) (m), aged 18, musician
Child offender Sina Paymand was granted a last-minute reprieve by the family of the man he allegedly murdered.

Sina Paymand was convicted of murder after a dispute with a man over cannabis in 2004. Sina Paymand reportedly told the Court that he was addicted to drugs and had gone to a park in Tehran on the day of the incident to try and obtain cannabis from a drug dealer. He allegedly stabbed the drug dealer to death during a fight. He was aged 16 at the time. According to his lawyer, the sentencing court did not properly consider evidence that Sina Paymand suffered from a mental disorder.

The Supreme Court upheld the death sentence, and he was scheduled to be hanged on 20 September, two weeks after his 18th birthday. When he was taken to the execution site, where the noose was placed around his neck, he was asked if he had a last request. Sina Paymand asked if he could play the flute. According to reports, the family members of the victim who were present to witness the execution were very moved by his playing, and agreed to forgive him and accept the payment of diyeh (blood money). In Iran, family members are asked just before the execution is carried out if they wish to forgo their right to retribution and forgive the condemned.

According to reports, Sina Paymand’s father is now is discussions with the family of the murder victim regarding the diyeh. If an agreement is not reached, Sina will again face execution. He is currently detained in Reja-i Shahr prison in Karaj, near Tehran.

According to reports, another child offender, Ali Alijan, now 19 years old, was scheduled to be executed at the same time as Sina Paymand for a murder committed while he was under the age of 18. He too received a last-minute reprieve from the family of the murder victim. A third individual named Vahid was executed. Different reports have put his age at 18, 20, and 21 years old. It is not known whether he was also a child offender.

There is no further information on Mostafa, who was also sentenced to death for murder.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Amnesty International has recorded at least one executions of child offender in 2006, Majid Segound (m). He was executed on 13 May 2006, along with an unnamed 20-year-old male, in Khorramabad, the capital of Lorestan province. According to reports, they were sentenced to death for the rape and murder of a 12-year-old boy, and were tried in an extraordinary session. Majid Segound was 17 years old at the time of his execution. In 2005 Amnesty International recorded eight executions of child offenders in Iran, including two who were under the age of 18 at the time of their execution. A number of child offenders are under sentence of death in Iran. Exact numbers are not known, but cases Amnesty International is working on include Nazanin Fatehi (f), Delara Darabi (f), Ne’mat (m), Mehdi (m), Mohammad Mousavi (m), and Hamid Reza (m).

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